Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body is unable to properly regulate blood sugar levels. An unhealthy diet, including a high intake of sugar, is one of the most important risk factors for developing diabetes. In this article, we will explore the links between sugar and diabetes.
First, it is important to understand how sugar works in the body.
Sugar, also known as glucose, is an important source of energy for the body. After sugar is consumed, glucose is released into the bloodstream where it is then used by cells. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps regulate blood sugar levels by transporting glucose into cells.
However, excessive consumption of sugar can raise blood glucose levels and interfere with the body's ability to use insulin properly. This can cause glucose to remain in the bloodstream instead of being transported into cells. Over time, this can cause the pancreas to become overwhelmed and unable to produce enough insulin. This can lead to the development of diabetes.
It is important to note that it is not only the consumption of visible sugars, such as in candy and soda, that increases the risk of diabetes. Sugar is also found in many processed foods that are often advertised as "healthy," such as fruit juices, pastries and even bread. These foods have a high glycemic index and can quickly raise blood sugar levels.
A low-sugar lifestyle can help reduce the risk of diabetes. This includes eating foods with a low glycemic index, such as whole grains, vegetables and legumes, and eating foods with natural sugars, such as fruits, in moderation.