Here we have prepared a comprehensive article for you, which provides you with all the important information on the subject of type 1 diabetes. Our goal is to give you an even better and more comprehensive understanding of the disease and to help you deal with it in the best possible way.
What is type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels in the body. When the insulin-producing cells are destroyed, the body can no longer produce insulin and blood sugar levels rise.
The causes of type 1 diabetes are not fully understood to date, but it is thought that both genetic and environmental factors may play a role. It usually affects children and young adults, but it can occur at any age.
Early diagnosis and treatment are particularly important in type 1 diabetes to avoid complications such as eye damage, kidney failure or nerve damage. Treatment of type 1 diabetes includes insulin therapy, in which the missing insulin is supplied by injections or an insulin pump. A healthy diet, regular physical activity and close blood glucose monitoring are also part of treatment.
There are also new therapies aimed at strengthening the immune system to restore or protect the destroyed insulin-producing cells. Such therapies are still being tested in clinical trials.
It is important that people with type 1 diabetes are well informed and actively manage their disease. Working closely with a qualified diabetes team can help to best control the disease and avoid potential complications.
Finally, we would like to emphasize that a good knowledge of type 1 diabetes can help you better understand the disease and make it easier to manage. If you suspect you have type 1 diabetes, be sure to see a doctor for advice.